Relations among Pain, Pain Beliefs, and Psychological Well-Being in Patients with Chronic Pain
CitationTopcu, S. Y. (2018). Relations among Pain, Pain Beliefs, and Psychological Well-Being in Patients with Chronic Pain. Pain Management Nursing, 19(6), 637-644.
Background: Chronic pain influencing the quality of life and well-being of the patients are also affected by pain beliefs. Psychological well-being could make a person have positive pain beliefs and these could facilitate patients' coping skills. In the care of the patients with chronic pain, nursing interventions can improve patients' well-being. Aims: This study aimed to determine the relationship between pain, pain beliefs and psychological well-being in patients with chronic pain. Design: A cross-sectional and relational study. Subjects: This study was conducted with 86 patients with chronic joint pain. Methods: A convenience sample method was used in the research. Data were gathered using a Personel Information Form, The Pain Beliefs Questionnaire and Psychological Well-being Scale. Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and correlation analysis were used for data assessment. Results: It was found that there was a statistically significant correlation between pain severity and organic pain beliefs, statistically significant negative correlation between frequency and severity of pain and psychological well-being, and statistically significant relationship between organic pain beliefs and the psychological wellbeing. Conclusions: Organic pain beliefs and pain intensity affect the psychological well-being of the patients with chronic pain. To increase the psychological well-being level of patients with chronic pain, patients' informations, attitudes and beliefs about pain and pain control should be changed positively. Also, nursing care focused on improving well-being should be provided by nurses. Further studies should be carried out on other factors affecting the well-being of patients as well as pain and pain beliefs on larger samples. (C) 2018 by the American Society for Pain Management Nursing